Sample and Demos

Converting Vector data to Raster

Article Number: 000001570 - Last Modified: Jun 29, 2015

FME can be used to convert vector data (points, lines, areas) into raster data by overlaying the vectors onto a raster grid.

Example 1

The attached workspace shows an example use of the Rasterizer transformer. The Rasterizer has now been split into two transformers with slightly different functions, ImageRasterizer & NumericRasterizer
NB: For privacy/copyright reasons the source data isn't attached

In this example, an Ordnance Survey NTF vector dataset is turned into a GeoTIFF raster dataset. Available settings are the grid size of the raster and the background colour. In this case the grid is 1000 x 1000 so, for a 1000m square dataset, it gives a 1m resolution. The background colour is a medium grey. The original vector features were assigned a white colour (fme_color=1,1,1).

Workspace Screenshot

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Output Screenshots

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Above: an ImageRasterizer transformer was used to convert an Ordnance Survey vector dataset (left) into a GeoTIFF raster dataset (right).

Example 2

This scenario shows how a DWG file with multiple layers can be transformed into a raster with the ImageRasterizer transformer.

The source DWG file consists of the following layers:
  • contours
  • elevation points
  • streams
  • lakes
  • tile boundary

Before rasterizing, the following steps are performed:
  • Change existing colors in a certain coding system to more traditional for raster or paper maps
  • Extract contour elevation for separating regular contours (every 10 metres) from index contours (every 50 metres)
  • Extract elevation and then add and stroke labels for elevation points
  • Replace elevation points with small circles for better visibility
  • Split waterbodies into areas and outlines for setting different fill and outline colors
  • Force everything to 2D so fme_color is used during rasterization
  • Buffer and create a donut from the tile boundary to make the boundary thicker
  • Set priority and sort features so contours are on top of hydrography etc
  • Reproject from LL83 to UTM83-12 (just to show that it's also possible)

After that, the result is sent to the ImageRasterizer and then to a raster writer, in our case, GeoTIFF.

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In some cases, multiple ImageRasterizers may be used if different rasterization parameters are required. For example, anti-aliasing is good for contours, but not very good for rectangular tile boundaries - it's the case where we should use two rasterizers for a contour file with a frame. When more than one ImageRasterizer is used, a RasterMosaicker is also required to bring all the rasters into one.

RasterizationOne.fmwt shows how to use one ImageRasterizer for multiple layers. It's well commented, use it as a main example. RasterizationMany.fmwt shows multiple ImageRasterizers and RasterMosaicker, which combines all the rasters together.

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